Disorders and Comprehensive Assessment.

Instructions

It is anticipated that the initial discussion post should be in the range of 250-300 words. Response posts to peers have no minimum word requirement but must demonstrate topic knowledge and scholarly engagement with peers. Substantive content is imperative for all posts. All discussion prompt elements for the topic must be addressed. Please proofread your response carefully for grammar and spelling. Do not upload any attachments unless specified in the instructions. All posts should be supported by a minimum of one scholarly resource, ideally within the last 5 years. Journals and websites must be cited appropriately. Citations and references must adhere to APA format.

Classroom Participation

Students are expected to address the initial discussion question by Wednesday of each week. Participation in the discussion forum requires a minimum of three (3) substantive postings (this includes your initial post and posting to two peers) on three (3) different days. Substantive means that you add something new to the discussion supported with citation(s) and reference(s), you are not just agreeing. This is also a time to ask questions or offer information surrounding the topic addressed by your peers. Personal experience is appropriate for a substantive discussion, however, should be correlated to the literature.

All discussion boards will be evaluated utilizing rubric criteria inclusive of content, analysis, collaboration, writing, and APA. If you fail to post an initial discussion or the initial discussion is late, you will not receive points for content and analysis, you may however post to your peers for partial credit following the guidelines above.

Discussion Prompt [Due Wednesday]

Compare and contrast sedative, hypnotic, or anxiolytic use disorder from cannabis use disorder (without the aid of a drug screen).

  • For this discussion, you will need to place particular emphasis on how comprehensive assessment could help us to arrive at the correct diagnosis as well as what the signs and symptoms of each are.

Responses need to address all components of the question, demonstrate critical thinking and analysis and include peer-reviewed journal evidence to support the student’s position.

Please be sure to validate your opinions and ideas with in-text citations and corresponding references in APA format.

Please review the rubric to ensure that your response meets the criteria.

Estimated time to complete: 2 hours

Discussion Peer/Participation Prompt [Due Sunday]

Please respond to at least 2 of your peer’s posts with substantive comments using the following steps:

  • Substantive comments add to the discussion and provide your fellow students with information that will enhance the learning environment.
  • References and citations should conform to APA standards.
  • Remember: Please respect the opinions of others, even if their views differ. In other words, disagree professionally and respectfully.
  • Plagiarism is never acceptable – give credit when credit is due – cite your sources.

Responses need to address all components of the question, demonstrate critical thinking and analysis and include peer-reviewed journal evidence to support the student’s position.

Please be sure to validate your opinions and ideas with in-text citations and corresponding references in APA format.

Please review the rubric to ensure that your response meets the criteria. Collaboration points will be forfeited if you fail to meet the response post guidelines.

Estimated time to complete: 1 hour

Unit 9 Discussion – Use Disorders and Comprehensive Assessment

Compare and Contrast Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Use Disorder From Cannabis Use Disorder (without the aid of a drug screen).

Contemporary mental health care bestows psychiatry with responsibilities that call for the need to investigate, understand and treat the impact stress has on an individual’s life, including feelings of discomfort, dysphoria, and anxiety, amongst others. These psychiatrists have created sedatives, hypnotics, and anxiolytics, working on standard psychotherapy models and medication-based therapies. Suffice it to say that despite their established therapeutic value, the toxic effects from their long-term use or misuse result in tolerance, dependence, and withdrawal syndromes, just like those diagnosed with cannabis use disorder.

Shmulewitz et al. (2015) aver that research findings indicate that at the conceptual level, all these substances abuse is accompanied by similar features across the different substances, for example, comparable neurobiological mechanisms of action. Another commonality amongst all these substance and drug abuse is that a desirable characteristic targeting identifying persons with the specific drug or substance use disorder using set parameters underpin tolerance and hazardous use. Some of the differences include the fact that cannabis withdrawal, studies show, is a valid a reliable diagnosis with a time-limited course after cessation of cannabis use.

Disorders and Comprehensive Assessment/

In contrast, hallucinogen/ inhalant withdrawals have studies indicating that withdrawal symptoms demonstrated acceptable reliability and validity, besides fitting the underlying disorder latent construct. Another difference is that cannabis withdrawal fits the unidimensional model of cannabis use disorder criteria. Comprehensive assessment using the CAGE- cannabis is one of the screening tools with good characteristics for a short screening tool designed to be used in daily clinical practice remarkable for its brevity(less than ten questions) and relatively short handover time of fewer than 210 minutes. On the other hand, the Severity for Dependence Scale (SDS) can be used as a screening test for hypnotics or anxiolytics (Krist et al., 2020).

The mental healthcare provider should be on the lookout for such symptoms as anxiety, irritability, restlessness, depersonalization, and depression as indicators to confirm cannabis use disorder (Patel, 2022). The patient takes the substance in larger amounts or for longer than prescribed. The client wants to cut down or stop using the substance but is unable to and spending a lot of time getting, using, or recovering from the substance use. Furthermore, testing for marijuana in blood, hair, saliva, and urine has a detection window of between 24 hours in saliva and up to 90 days in hair. Hypnotics use disorder makes the patient present with an unusual craving for the hypnotic, sweating, general discontent or euphoria, small pupils and nausea,

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Disorders and Comprehensive Assessment

References

Patel, D. (2022). Cannabis use disorder. Addiction Medicine, 33-40.

Shmulewitz, D., Greene, E. R., & Hasin, D. (2015). Commonalities and differences across substance use disorders: phenomenological and epidemiological aspects. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research39(10), 1878-1900.

Krist, A. H., Davidson, K. W., Mangione, C. M., Barry, M. J., Cabana, M., Caughey, A. B., … & US Preventive Services Task Force. (2020). Screening for unhealthy drug use: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Jama323(22), 2301-2309.

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