1: Identify the correct statement about the African diaspora.
A: African migration, forced and voluntary, began with the Atlantic slave trade in the 15th century
B: The Black Atlantic paradigm is the only framework for understanding the experiences of the African diaspora in the Americas and elsewhere.
C: The African diaspora can be described as a product singularly of the slave trade
D: The African diaspora represents a complex negotiation between multiple belongings and identities.
___A__2: The making of the identity of the African diaspora can be seen in terms of
A: the critical encounters between their history (roots) and their experiences (routes)
B: their marginality but also total integration into host societies
C: loss and separation and the abandonment of recollections of origin
D: All of the above
__D___3: Flows between Africa and its diasporas do not involve one of the following
A: remittances and investment
B: religion, music, and fashion
C: philosophies and literary movements
D: citizenship and territories
__A___4: African resistance to the conditions of slavery and exploitation involved
A: the retention and reinvention, in the new world, of African cultures and the establishment of independent African communities
B: the rise of movements such as negritude that promoted integration into host societies
C: the creation of ideologies that supported Europe’s ‘civilizing mission’ as a way to rescuing Africa from perpetual domination
D: all of the above
__A___5: One of the characteristic features of the African slave trade and migration across the Red Sea and the Mediterranean is that
A: it led to the elevation of some of the Africans to prominent political and military positions, at times as leaders of independent states.
B: it contributed to a shift in European perception of Africa from a negative to positive depiction of Africans and their continent
C: it resulted in a complete assimilation into host societies because of the existence of a more benevolent and welcoming Islamic culture
D: it ended earlier than its trans-Atlantic counterpart