Identify the correct statement about the African diaspora.

1: Identify the correct statement about the African diaspora.

A: African migration, forced and voluntary, began with the Atlantic slave trade in the 15th century

B: The Black Atlantic paradigm is the only framework for understanding the experiences of the African diaspora in the Americas and elsewhere.

C: The African diaspora can be described as a product singularly of the slave trade

D: The African diaspora represents a complex negotiation between multiple belongings and identities.

___A__2: The making of the identity of the African diaspora can be seen in terms of

A: the critical encounters between their history (roots) and their experiences (routes)

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B: their marginality but also total integration into host societies

C: loss and separation and the abandonment of recollections of origin

D: All of the above

__D___3: Flows between Africa and its diasporas do not involve one of the following

A: remittances and investment

B: religion, music, and fashion

C: philosophies and literary movements

D: citizenship and territories

__A___4: African resistance to the conditions of slavery and exploitation involved

A: the retention and reinvention, in the new world, of African cultures and the establishment of independent African communities

B: the rise of movements such as negritude that promoted integration into host societies

C: the creation of ideologies that supported Europe’s ‘civilizing mission’ as a way to rescuing Africa from perpetual domination

D: all of the above

__A___5: One of the characteristic features of the African slave trade and migration across the Red Sea and the Mediterranean is that

A: it led to the elevation of some of the Africans to prominent political and military positions, at times as leaders of independent states.

B: it contributed to a shift in European perception of Africa from a negative to positive depiction of Africans and their continent

C: it resulted in a complete assimilation into host societies because of the existence of a more benevolent and welcoming Islamic culture

D: it ended earlier than its trans-Atlantic counterpart