Which of the following statements is incorrect?A. The idea of “one-man leadership” is a contradiction in termsB. Leadership is a social influence process shared among all members of a groupC. Followers are part of the leadership processD. Leadership is restricted to the influence exerted by someone in aparticular role2.

1. Which of the following statements is incorrect?A. The idea of “one-man leadership” is a contradiction in termsB. Leadership is a social influence process shared among all members of a groupC. Followers are part of the leadership processD. Leadership is restricted to the influence exerted by someone in aparticular role2. Among the following, ideal followers are more likely to be perceived asA. IndependentB. Forward-lookingC. InspiringD. Innovative3. Which of the following statements about “common sense” is false?A. Effective leadership must be something more than just common senseB. What seems obvious after you know the results and what you would have predicted beforehand are not the same thingC. One of the challenges of understanding leadership is to know whencommon sense applies and when it does notD. The term “common sense” implies practical knowledge about life thatmost people have not yet acquired4. Which of the following statements is false?A. One needs nothing more than common sense to be a good leaderB. Leaders need to recognize that others’ views are usefulC. Leaders need to recognize when times change and a new direction iscalled forD. One of the challenges of understanding leadership is to know whencommon sense applies and when it does not5. Being a leader is either in one’s genes or not. Which of the followingstatement is true?A. Innate factors more than formative experiences influence leadershipB. Leadership is either innate or acquired, not bothC. Typically most individuals can be categorized based on their innatequalities as leaders and non-leadersD. Each person can make the most of leadership opportunities he or shefaces6. Identify a myth associated with leadership development.A. Good leadership is knowing when common sense applies and when it does notB. Good leaders are born with the traits and abilities, which make themsuccessful leadersC. You can only learn leadership by observing itD. Learning to be a better leader depends on the richness of one’sexperience and the ability and desire to learn7. Which of the following is not a common myth about leadership development?A. Good leadership is all common senseB. Leaders are born, not madeC. Leadership can only be taughtD. You can only learn leadership from experience8. The change in organizational practices can be attributed toA. Appointing women to leadership positions, which is a departure from past practicesB. The fact that womens’ attitudes have become similar to those of menC. Womens’ self-reports of traits such as assertivenessD. Legislation prohibiting gender-based discrimination at work9. A trend toward less stereotypically masculine characterizations of leader- ship is representative of the fact thatA. Leadership roles have changedB. Women themselves have changedC. Organizational practices have changedD. Culture has changed10. Encouraging innovation, growth and development and redefined tasks andresponsibilities best describes aA. LeaderB. ManagerC. Manager in a later stage of developmentD. Leader-manager integrated role11. LeadersA. Tend to accept the definitions of situations presented to themB. Encourage growth and development in their followers in ways broaderthan mere job trainingC. Emphasize routinization and control of followers’ behaviorD. Motivate followers more with extrinsic, even contractual consequences, both positive and negative12. LeadersA. Work hard for cooperationB. Give clear directionC. Give overlapping and ambiguous assignmentsD. Focus on control and results13. Leaders, as compared to managers, tend to assess their followers’ performanceA. Less in terms of personal criteriaB. More in terms of specific criteriaC. Less in terms of holistic criteriaD. More in terms of idiosyncratic criteria14. Leaders redefine the parameters of tasks and responsibilities, both forindividual followers and for the entire group by all the following ways exceptA. Taking a short-term perspectiveB. Actively change the situations they are inC. Through accentuating critical valuesD. By marshaling energy to cope with some new threat15. Which of the following statements concerning the manager’s role inmanager-follower-situation interactions is true?A. Managers tend to reject the definitions of situations presented to themB. Managers tend to assign broader rather than narrower tasks for follow- ers to performC. Managers assess their followers’ performance in terms of fairly general job descriptionsD. Managers make sure followers conform to policies or procedures16. The most commonly cited developmental challenge mentioned by managers, which while adding to personal pressure, also contributed to professional growth areA. Travel requirementsB. The responsibility of meeting deadlinesC. Tasks with the possibility of success and failureD. Putting in longer hours at work17. Successful executives mention all of the following as negative feelings while describing how they feel while working through potent developmental experiences except feeling:A. UncertainB. OverwhelmedC. FearfulD. Challenged18. In the process of “learning to learn from experience”, people operating in the stabilizing period mustA. Overcome the caution generated by ongoing successB. Overcome the tension of challenging what they do not know how to doC. Attempt at learning a new set of responses and strategiesD. Let go of short-term expectations in favor of more long-term learning19. The content of leadership programs at the university-levelA. Gives subordinates feedback about their progressB. Provides a survey of the major leadership findingsC. Focuses on strategic planningD. Focuses on how to train subordinates20. _____ consist of descriptions of various leadership situations and are used as a vehicle for leadership discussions.A. SimulationsB. Role playingC. Case studiesD. Games21. What is the advantage of role playing as a leadership concept?A. Individualized feedback to students through leadership behavior ratingsB. Depict the challenges commonly faced in the work environmentC. Used as a vehicle for leadership discussionsD. Greater transferability to the workplace22. Improving interpersonal, oral-communication and written-communicationskills are a part of leadership training programs forA. Mid-level managersB. First-level supervisorsC. Colleges or universitiesD. Maintenance personnel23. This technique wherein participants are given a limited amount of time prioritize and respond to a number of notes, is particularly useful in assessing and improving a manager’s planning and time management skills.A. SimulationsB. Role playingC. In-basket exercisesD. Case studies24. In leaderless group discussions, facilitators and observers rate participants, which are used to provide managers with feedback about theirA. Supervisory skillsB. Interpersonal skillsC. Planning skillsD. Time management skills25. These represent the most sophisticated and expensive method for assess- ing leadership potential.A. Internet measuresB. Structured interviewsC. Paper-and-pencil measuresD. Assessment centers