how can mental illness be identified? Mental illnesses can be identified after a mental health assessment in the form of an interview with your doctor (Froggatt, Liersch-Sumskis, 2014). After studying week 08 learning materials and, I understood assessment is one of the most challenging practices in mental health. I need to practice a good –quality assessment with knowledge of mental health and a range of fields such as families, groups and communities. While participate the workshops

Mental illnesses can be identified after a mental health assessment in the form of an interview with your doctor (Froggatt, Liersch-Sumskis, 2014). After studying week 08 learning materials and, I understood assessment is one of the most challenging practices in mental health. I need to practice a good –quality assessment with knowledge of mental health and a range of fields such as families, groups and communities. While participate the workshops,


Mental Health Assignment 2

  1. Critically reflective blog entries

Blog 1 – Assessment in mental health

Mental illnesses can be identified after a mental health assessment in the form of an interview with your doctor (Froggatt, Liersch-Sumskis, 2014). After studying week 08 learning materials and, I understood assessment is one of the most challenging practices in mental health. I need to practice a good –quality assessment with knowledge of mental health and a range of fields such as families, groups and communities. While participate the workshops, I practiced interviews and improved my communication skills. I followed many criteria such as observations, listening, non-verbal communication, phrasing, and all other interview skills. I need to practice good rapport building; how to express empathy and how to engage with clients. After reading the textbook, I acknowledged that, there are three models for the assessment process. The first process is filling the assessment form with the client or without a client. The second one is the questioning model which is a format of questions, listen and answer. The third model is an exchange model which is experience with work and it is difficult to use (Bland, Renouf & Tullgren, 2015). I have practiced the second process; therefore I preferred this process because I can see myself when using it in practice.

After reading the articles, I understood there are different kinds of assessments in social work. Biopsychosocial assessment is using for behavioral, individual, group and community and psychosocial assessments for understanding the physical and social aspects of client and their situation. Biopsychosocial assessment focuses on disorders understood in medical terms, and psychosocial assessment includes social role functions such as family interactions; identify financial and basic needs, social and cultural support. Even though I read my textbooks, still, I haven’t a clear idea about biopsychosocial and psychosocial assessments. However, I hope I can absorb a better understanding of these assessment processes after participating in field assessments.

During the class sessions, workshops and guest speaker’s participation, I learned to respect, social justice and professional integrity are the most important values in this profession. I think I have to apply these values and ethics for assessments. I have to respect my clients, for example when I interview with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, I have to respect and give cultural responsive to them. According to the Code of Ethics (2010), I have to understand the client’s cultural identities, customs, and beliefs. It will be useful to create a good relationship with the client. If client doesn’t want to engage with me, I use the theory empowerment and give them a chance to decide the date of necessity time. I don’t want to force them to engage with me.

Moreover, I learned the importance of critical reflection, confidentiality and an anti-oppressive approach for interviews, because I have to take the client’s needs and decisions for solutions, not from my solutions. In the future, I hope to apply theories for these assessments and communication skills, and I will able to absorb many experiences from different clients.


Australian Accociation of Social Workers. (2010). Code of Ethics. Retrieved from

Bland, R., Renouf, N., & Tullgren, A. (2015). Social work practice in mental health: An introduction (2nd ed.). Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Froggatt, T., Liersch-Sumskis, S. (2014). Assessment of mental health and mental illness in Mental health: A person-centred approach. Port Melbourne, Vic: Cambridge University Press.


Blog 2 – Multicultural Mental health in Australia

After studying week 12 sessions, I understood multicultural groups also affected mental issues in Australia. Compare to the past, the number of migrants are increased in Australia. Therefore, there are many people use different kinds of backgrounds, cultures, and languages in Australia today. Therefore, the framework in mental health in multicultural Australia has been created, and it focuses on mental health and suicide prevention for people from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds (Mental health in multicultural Australia, 2011). According to my classroom session, I acknowledged many second-generation migrants with at least one parent born overseas. Also, the guest speaker came from Germany, and she stated that a lack of language is a huge barrier for misunderstanding and misguide for treatments. We can use interpreters for our language barriers for public places; however, they may interpret different ideas. I believe pieces of training in cultural competency are important in many services. As well, many migrants face difficulties such as losing families and culture, racism, discrimination, the stress of migration, difficult to find jobs and adjust to new countries.

As an international student, when we migrated to Australia, I felt isolation and lost my family; therefore I felt stresses every time. If we cannot find a proper job, it is major impact on mental health, because it always comes to our minds. When I work sometimes, I feel discrimination, however; now I adjust to it because it is familiar in Australia. I know, most of the students suffer from depressions and trauma, because of these reasons. Some students had an addict to drugs and alcohol also. These issues affected the people, therefore, they suffer from trauma and stigma. Furthermore, they may try to suicide because of the stress and depression from these situations. Besides, migrants come from different cultural background, they may have religion believe, spirituality and traditional values. As an example, when a woman loses her family, she believes she has only god. Therefore, they may face mental issues; however, they can think it occurs from religious effects. Migrants need social support and better English proficiency to prevent mental illness in Australia. Many of the refugees and asylum seeks in Australia; moreover, multicultural diversity needs equality, supervision and reflective practice to control the mental health problems. When we have appointments with the doctor in Australia, sometimes I can’t understand what they tell and what the process is. Therefore, I think our pronunciations, language difficulties and cultural responsive have significant values for society. Therefore, it is difficult to do treatment appropriately, and it may occur some confidentiality problems.

I think mental health and individual workers have to understand these situations. In future, I  should respect, trust, shared priorities, and implement effective interventions to consumers for avoiding multicultural mental health problems in Australia.  Due to the great diversity of community groups and languages in Australia, mental health issues also should be a concern, and involvement may use to prevent conflicts.


Mental health in multicultural Australia. (2011). MHiMA Project Updates. Retrieved from





Blog 3 – Crisis and mental health

I have learned crisis and mental health from week 10 sessions; however, we can see many crises in contemporary society. Most women affected by gender-based violence, and violence become significant crisis in society. There are some reasons for violence such as inequality, low income and low responsibility of care. This violence affects mental health; therefore, social workers have to engage with the community to improve well-being. Violence against women is currently happening worldwide, and they need social support to recover. According to my experiences from my country, domestic violence is a huge issue and it happens like physical or sexual violence. Most women in rural areas suffer from domestic violence, because of many reasons such as lack of education, poverty, drug addiction of partner and illegal relationships. Therefore, these women develop trauma, depression or stress.

Violence includes rape, domestic violence, sexual harassment, and killing (Bland, Renouf & Tullgren, 2015). Violence is severely affected by people’s health. Moreover, according to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander workshop, the guest speakers stated that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander family violence rate is higher than non-indigenous women. The main reasons are the historical background and colonisation, poverty, loss of traditional roles and cultural issues.

Furthermore, many child cases of abuse have been identified worldwide and most children have traumatic experiences such as depression, anxiety, eating, personal and sexual disorders, suicide and physical health issues. Childhood trauma can affect social, emotional, cognitive functioning in continuing to adulthood (Coates, 2010). I have many experiences about child abuse news in my country; I think lack of parent’s attention is the major reason for child abuse. Most of the incidents have been reported in remotes areas in Sri Lanka.

Moreover, suicide is another crisis in society. It related to domestic violence, sexual harassment, and child abuse, as well, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’s suicide rate is high because they suffer some traumatic disorders (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2018). They have a colonial history, and they have a history of depression also.  Sri Lankan suicide rate is high; women’s rate is higher than men (Suicide Rates, 2018). Furthermore, there are some crises such as many people with mental illness have experienced or are experiencing homelessness, many people with mental illness have drug or alcohol addiction as a coping mechanism and lack of appropriate community supports also major issues in society.

In the future, I have to identify the emotional and social circumstances for these affected clients. I need to build a good relationship with those participants, listen and recognize their problems. In the future, I need to implement the intervention with the client and their families. Social workers need to understand power and violence; because they have to identify the issues and create a good background for them (Zuchowski, 2014). I may provide emergency support in crises and assist to control a person’s physical or mental disorders in future practices. Therefore, I need to understand cross-cultural settings, diverse perspectives, and client’s aspirations.



Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2018). Family, domestic and sexual violence in Australia. Retrieved from



Bland, R., Renouf, N., & Tullgren, A. (2015). Social work practice in mental health: An introduction (2nd ed.). Sydney: Allen & Unwin.



Coates, D. (2010).  Impact of Childhood Abuse: Biopsychosocial Pathways through Which Adult Mental Health is Compromised, Australian Social Work, 63:4, 391-403, doi: 10.1080/0312407X.2010.508533


World Health Organization. (2018). Suicide Rate By Country 2019. Retrieved from


Zuchowski, I. (2014). Gender-based violence and mental health in Social work in mental health: Areas of practice, challenges and way forward. New Delhi, India: Sage Publication.


My Comment:-

Thank you for this blog. You highlighted violence in the society from this blog. In current society, women have more experience with violence and it occurs without gender equality. Violence is severely affected to people’s mental and physical well-being because they feel unsecure, harm and threaten from violence.  I believe there are some issues such as power inequality, lack of financial support, shame to protect children and cultural shocks are main reasons for domestic violence. I understood Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander family violence is higher than non-indigenous women after listened to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander workshop. I believe the main reasons for violence are colonization, poverty, loss of traditional roles and cultural issues.  After reading your blog, I realized as a social work student, we have to practice framework of values and reflection.  As a social worker in future, we have to identify the dimension of the problem in violence and understand the cross-cultural settings, diverse perspectives, and client’s aspirations.


My comment:-

A great statement of recovery in your blog. After reading your blog, I realized compassion and hope combine with recovery. Recovery is supporting to person’s life of meaning, and tries to give hope to a new journey.  I believe we can develop a new purpose of life from recovery. According to my opinions, family contribution is also important as same as the multidisciplinary team. Recovery doesn’t have a time frame and within the road to recovery, a person may still relapse, but this is all part of the process. Recovery outcomes go to each individual and society, and it helps to build strength and responsibility to the client. Compassion involves showing kindness and humanity to a person’s pain, anxiety and need. According your statement, we have to face some challenges while working with recovery practice.


My Comment:-

A great statement of the history. I found critical reflection of colonization issues and past and present policies in Australia from your blog. It is really important to understand the Aboriginal people’s violations and lack of social justice. I was shocked after hearing these problems in past history, because human beings are all same and these people were desperate. In contemporary society also, they feel discrimination, racism, and influence on suicide. I believe, we have respect all nations, and culture, otherwise this world will not peaceful. We have to work with these people with respect, social justice and professional integrity.



Mental Health Assignment 2

2nd part

Statement of learning


In contemporary society, social work and mental health have a positive connection. The purpose of this essay is look at the mental health practices, mental health policies, challenges in practices and family movements in mental health. First I understood mental health care in Australia and The social work association process in mental health. As well, I identified there are some services such as child protection, aged care, rehabilitation needs mental health services, and some legislation support to give solutions in mental health in Australia. As an example, approximately 45% of Australian suffers from mental illness, and 90% of people have no history of violence (Mindframe, 2019).

I have learned some social concepts such as recovery, evidence-based practice, stigma, and discrimination. As a social worker, the evidence-based practice needs to work with client choice and self-determination. We have to mindful of evidence in practice and problem-solving. As well recovery gives hope to the participants to live well, and the absence of mental illness. According to classroom experiences, I absorb the recovery process in mental disorders such as open discussion, training, 24 hours supervision and group works. Therefore , the session assisted me to understand that the importance of language, and issues in recovery. That session assisted me to understand the recovery practice well. Furthermore, stigma and discrimination affect mental illness because the labeling process influences the mental disorders.

There are some mental health policies and legislation including AASW, it varied from state to state in Australia. For instance, mental health regulation 2017, mental health act 2016 and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health regulations in Queensland government (Queensland Health, 2018). Not only Australian policies but also the World health organization and the human right action plan also have mental health mechanisms. I understood these policies help to treatments and range of practices in the Australian context.


As a social worker, I need to identify mental disorders and treatments because the knowledge of the system helps to work in mental health services. It is important to understand the basic approach of the classification of mental disorders and recognize the symptoms of common disorders. I learned DSM-5 from my sessions, DSM provides an authoritative guide to the diagnosis of mental disorders. DSM contains descriptions, symptoms, and other criteria for diagnosing mental disorders. Moreover, Anxiety and depression are the most common mental disorders. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people suffer from anxiety and depression because of colonization and history. The social worker needs a good working knowledge of treatments, medications and side effects. The basic knowledge of mental disorders helpful to provide a framework of the mental health system and the personhood of the client.


Furthermore, mental health social workers use the assessment process to identify the problems, and it helps to identify the client’s interpersonal goals and improving the quality of life. Assessment is an ongoing process, and it helps to evaluate the problems. Assessment is the most challenging area of social work practice because we need to know the language, narrative therapy, and methods to assessment. We can recognize the relationship between clients and the social consequences of mental illness from assessments. When we do the assessments, there are some cultural and language barriers such as Aboriginal people have different languages and cultures; therefore we have to concern these values for practicing mental health. These assessments assist to identify the clear idea of evaluation and symptoms.



As well, the mental health system requires different ways of working such as operating models with a case manager, therapeutic approach, advocacy, and activism.  As well, social workers can choose different workplaces for mental health or counseling roles. Social workers need to work with the multidisciplinary team and engage with the range of other services and community members. Many clients have complex needs, and social workers have to join with multiple services to solve the issue. In-class sessions, I understood, there are various fields I can work in mental health such as child safety, domestic violence, age care, and adolescent work (Bland, Renouf, & Tullgren, 2015).I think I have the challenge to understand mental health problems with different fields; therefore, I have to develop the responses in mental health problems.


I have learned family with mental illness, that impact is not for an individual but also family too. The family provides the safety, identity, emotional, social, wellbeing of their relations. Family is important to prevent mental illness because their support and experiences have significant value. As well, the social environment is essential for preventing mental illness, social workers can encourage all members of the community to engage with the mental health process, and support to build a strong and safe community.


Furthermore, we have to consider the environment of agencies and apply theories for working in the mental health sector. There are some assumptions and limitations in the organization while working there because these agencies have rules and regulations also. The social worker needs to build a good relationship with clients as well as members of the organization. We have to work with the multidisciplinary, transdisciplinary and interdisciplinary team. Therefore, we have to respect and build a good bond with them.


Duration of all sessions, I absorb good knowledge about mental health and the legal situations in Australia. I read many articles about mental disorders, statistics, and legislations. I had the opportunity to discuss with peers and group work; it was great to benefit from me to understand the mental practice. Furthermore, some guest speakers came to the classroom and gave their experiences in mental health fields. It was a really good experience for me because this is the first time I am studying mental health. For instance, in the recovery session, three guest speakers came and gave enough information and experiences. As well, I had a chance to engage with Indian students who study in social work, and I realize the different cultures and backgrounds of mental health. Moreover, I have many online resources to study and use a code of ethics in AASW, discussion in-class sessions, and receive new opinions from my colleagues, and I read different blogs; therefore, I obtained a wide range of mental health information. I acknowledged the assessment, recovery, stolen generation and violence in society. As an example, before doing this social work course, I never heard about Aboriginal and Torres Islander people, and their stolen generation. It severely affects my heart, because these people have to suffer all the difficulties as a result of colonization. They had to change their culture, language and day to day life. Therefore, most indigenous people suffer from mental disorders.  Furthermore, I understood domestic violence, sexual harassment, rape, and child abuse rate is high in Australia. Not only Indigenous people but also most Australian have been affected by these abuses and suffer mental illness. In my country also, there are many people suffer from mental illness, but treatments are not well, and people also shy to show their symptoms. As well, they believe religious belief, and they do not try to take treatments.



I know some limitations and assumptions in the mental health sector. I have to protect confidential with the client’s information. I need to build good rapport building and good assessment practice; as a result, I can easily solve the issue. As well, I have to apply different theories such as Psychodynamic, narrative, feminist, task and crisis, cognitive and many theories. I need to practice more to apply those theories because it is a challenge for me. As well, I have to respect and integrity with engaging with the client; especially for indigenous participants. I have to check, my decisions are suitable and it is right with the organization rules. As a result, I can create a good community and well-being society. As a social worker, I have to practice and get enough knowledge with mental health; otherwise, the mental health field will be a huge challenge to me. As a social worker, I need the capability, social justice, equity for all, and I need to recognize prevention and early intervention in mental health. Furthermore, I have to work with different communities such as migrants, refugees, and other cultural people; therefore, I have to understand their background, history, their circumstances, needs, solutions and treatments for these people. I am also an international student; therefore, I have a challenge with languages, culture, and history of all communities, however; as a social worker, I should build a respectable relationship. Been a social worker is not easy and it is a very responsible career in society.




Bland, R., Renouf, N., & Tullgren, A. (2015). Social work practice in mental health: An introduction (2nd ed.). Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Mindframe. (2019). Data and statistics. Retrieved from

Queensland Government. (2018). Mental Health Act 2016. Retrieved from