[Solved] queen elizabeth i

Elizabeth was the unwanted daughter of King Henry VIII, the king who killed her

mother, because she did not bear a son. Elizabeth grew up in a country at war with it self

in the wake of King Henry’s religious reforms. Through no fault of her own, Elizabeth

was cast aside by her own father; resulting in a lonely childhood and adolescence. While

her half sister Mary I was queen, as a young women Elizabeth lived quietly, waiting for

her opportunity to succeed. On November. 17, 1558, Mary died and Elizabeth began her

reign. During her years as a queen, Elizabeth influenced England greatly, with

which to this day the Elizabethan age is most often associated.

Education was one of Elizabeth’s greatest influences on England. Perhaps her

influence on the importance of education as a young girl and her longed desire to learn

helped her strive for this particular goal. Children in those days began their studies really

early in the morning. They were expected to work long hours with out getting distracted.

Over the years her tutors wrote glowing reports on her excellent progress. At ten years

old, Elizabeth was excellent at Latin, and she could speak Italian pretty well. She was

also taught ancient and modern languages, religion, history, geography, mathematics,

science, and music. She kept up her studies even when she became queen.(Zamoyska

10-11) Queen Elizabeth introduced to her country the seeds of freedom, which English

men now took for granted. The growing number of printing presses made books more

readily available, because an increasing amount of people, both men and women began

As a Protestant, Elizabeth influenced her country’s religious decisions.

According to Zamoyska: While Mary was still queen of England, Elizabeth did not want

to risk her greatest opportunity of being next in line. She had a difficult task of having to

conform openly to the Catholics, while still keeping support for the Protestants and the

younger generation that “looked up to her.” (19)

“Elizabeth’s first decisions bore on the religious issues. She turned the situation

back to the state of things during the last years of Edward VI, allowing the repatriation of

the Protestant leaders who had been driven out underMary.She didn’t, however

encourage further changes, and essentially supported the Church of England …”

Moderate Protestantism had been practiced under Henry VIII , and under Edward VI

even more radical Protestant programs were implemented.. Mary in the other hand, had

restored the Roman Catholic faith. Elizabeth herself was a moderate Protestant, and her

settlement excluded papal authority, and brought back the Book of Common Prayer. This

however did not recognize the demands of the extreme Puritans. During her reign a lot of

pressure continued, but she resisted. Eventually the Puritans were driven underground.

One of her greatest fears was that an alliance of Catholic powers might force her out of

the throne, and introduce again a Catholic monarch. Eventually Elizabeth send English

forces to fight on the Protestant side: In the war of religion in France and the revolt of the

Dutch against Spanish rule. (Academic American Encyclopedia 141)

The Spanish Armada was perhaps the greatest threat to Elizabeth. Intending this fleet

to secure the deposition of Elizabeth in favor of himself, Philip II of Spain-Thus restoring

Catholicism. The Naval battle in the English Channel devasted the Spanish flotilla.

The use of the fire ships, English seaman ship and the “Protestant Wind” as the

English call it, were responsible for the English victory that turned out to be so famous.

(Academic American Encyclopedia 142) Before the war, Queen Elizabeth made a

dramatic speech to her troops at Tulbury. She assured them that she had “…the heart and

stomach of a king” and she promised that “…we shall shortly have a famous victory over

these enemies of my God, my kingdom, and my people.” She wore a gleaming silver

armor and a white velvet dress. She was not about to barricade herself into one of her

castles in this time of danger, but she was intending to show her country what a queen

could be. The war was declared an English victory. Thus the defeat of the Armada

strengthened Elizabeth’s position as a figure of Protestantism. She was the one who in

spite of everything, seemed “invincible.” (Bush 87-90)

Queen Elizabeth was the most important patron of Elizabethan theater.

“Her influence was essential protecting the theatrical

profession from puritan inspired prohibitions, and her court provided an

important source of income and prestige for leading London acting

According to Boyce, Elizabeth was fond of William Shakespeare’s plays. She was

especially pleased with Falstaff. She was so pleased that she commanded the play wright

to produce a play in which the “fat knight” falls in love; resulting in the play entitled The

Merry Wives of Windsor. Cranmer’s eulogy to Elizabeth in Henry VII, delivered by an

important English national hero, without a doubt reflects the nostalgia for her reign by

England, a decade after her death. Elizabeth’s reign did not only influence theater, but it

literature as well as art and music(172)

Elizabeth influenced the manner in which the court was programmed, mainly

because of her personality. According to Rachum “…she had her way with people and

possessed a high sense of her own authority. She also knew how to take advantage of a

particular circumstance as a single women surrounded by men.(162) Court officials and

guests frequently displayed coarse manners, even though 16th century court etiquette was

complex and highly structured. “…The queen herself sometimes slapped her maids and

often swore; a habit that amused the retainers, and disgusted the clergy.”(Bush 67) It was

made clear through Elizabeth that she would not stand any disobedience, patterning her

rule after her father’s model of absolute monarchy. Many people compared Elizabeth’s

method of ruling like her father’s; but this did not discourage her.(Bush 37)

Her prideful attitude perhaps influenced those that looked up to her or were

attracted to her. Elizabeth’s most famous qualities was her success in her policies, the

glamour in her court and her longed preserved virginity. These qualities could of been the

ideal life style for those that idolized her.(Academic American Encyclopedia 141) Her

physical features(at that time)were outstanding, plus the fact that she was a proud women

emphasized these qualities even more. Elizabeth at twenty years of age, appeared to be in

the full bloom of her life. With a good figure, and her tall stature she moved with dignity.

She had an olive complexion and reddish brown hair. Her fine eyes and long elegant

Hands were just another striking feature.(Zamoyska 19)

Her marriage decision not only influenced all the men that wanted to marry her,

but it also influenced what the whole country thought about her.

“…the most important issue of her first years of government was the one

that consistently evaded, namely her marriage…public opinion disliked the image of the

“Virgin Queen.” If she were to get married her personal choice would of been the earl of

Leicester…after him she had many favorites…”(Rachum 162)

Although her decision was not to get married, it does not mean that she did not

have any lovers. One rumor of a lover, was a man by the name of Robert Dudley; who

she appointed as her “master of horse.” It was no doubt that Elizabeth was attracted to his

energy, skill at conversation and athletic prowess. The way he organized court

entertainment delighted her. Soon enough Elizabeth’s behavior became a scandal.(Bush

41-42) Although she had other men in her life, she prided the fact that all her life she was

a virgin, and died a virgin.(Academic American Encyclopedia 142)

Even though her days were shortened little by little, the dying queen was still an

influence of hope to her country. To a world she helped shape, Elizabeth made her

farewells, to an England whose affection she was sure.(Bush 105) At the old age of

seventy it marked the end for of this queen’s life; at the old age which was very rare to

die. Especially at the time where disease and primitive medical practices doomed many

to an early death. Elizabeth like her father was a firm believer in physical as well as

intellectual exercise, which may of contributed to her remarkable life spand.

According to an observer: “Elizabeth’s funeral was never forgotten by

those that witnessed it…such a general sighing, groaning, and weeping as that hath not

seen or known in the memory of man.”(Bush 107)

The Elizabethan age is most often associated with Queen Elizabeth I, who

influenced England greatly. Her influence on literature, drama, theater, and as a great

political figure who cleverly manipulated and retained power dispite the obstacles,

deserves credit for the great achievements during her reign.

“Elizabeth I, Queen of England” Academic American Encyclopedia, 1987

Boyce,Charles. Shakespeare A to Z. New York: Charles Boyce & Roundtable Press
Inc. 1990

Bush,Catherine. Elizabeth I. New York: Chelsea House Educational communications,

Rachum,Ilan. The Renaissance: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. New York City: May
Flower Books Inc. 1979

Zamoyska, Betka. Queen Elizabeth I: United States of America: Cameron & Tayleur
Books Ltd. 1981


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