Most athletes, at one time or another, have toyed with the idea of supplementing with creatine monohydrate. Creatine use is wide spread in professional, and amateur athletics, and is gaining popularity among high school athletes. Despite creatine’s increasing presence, little is actually known of its long-term side effects.
Misinformation about creatine and its side effects is everywhere. There is a clear need for unbiased information about this important nutritional supplement and its associated side effects.This paper is intended to show a great majority of the pros and cons to using creatine. – Creatine Molecule – Creatine or scientifically known as methyl guanidine-acetic acid is made to help and provide energy to assist muscles in movement.
It provides this boost of energy by recharging the ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, so exercising more intensely and lifting heavier weight becomes an easy feat. Using creatine in conjunction with a regular exercise routine, is also said to increased muscle size. There are over 135 different chemicals in creatine.Some of which are chemicals to aid our bodies, but others can also be very harmful to our bodies.
Creatine is something that our bodies produce naturally. It is mostly found in the bone structure, but it can also be found in the brain, heart, and testes. The main conclusion being drawn by all researchers is the fact that creatine is actually our adrenalin. Even though they don”t say it straight forward it is.
A new study shows that creatine may very well protect against brain damage. How can a quarter back in the NFL have a concussion and come back and play the next.Creatine employed by many athletes to increase strength and muscle mass may prevent brain damage despite traumatic head injuries, according to researchers. “Mark McGuire, Sammy Sosa and quarterback Troy Aikman are among the big-name athletes who take creatine to enhance their athletic performance”.
That can be very inspiring looking at some of the great things that those people have accomplished and are still accomplishing in their careers. “Some studies say that you can experience an increased capacity forstrength, power and speed, but It’s not for endurance. A very misleading fact about creatine is that people think that it will add to muscle mass, when truthfully it won”t. It optimizes the energy provided, and adds to that, allowing more weights to be lifted, and harder workouts enforced, therefor allowing for muscle growth.
USC student Rebecca Moneymaker used to use creatine as part of her training for the women’s crew team. “For weight lifting, creatine is really good,” said Moneymaker, a sophomore majoring in international relations. “It helps replenish your muscles so that you’re not as sore. Another reason for creatine being of good use is shown in this quote “We believe this is a highly significant finding in the field of neurotrauma,” said Stephen Scheff, a professor of anatomy and neurobiology at the University of Kentucky’s College of Medicine.
“We know of nothing to date that has shown this type of benefit in preventing serious neurotrauma. ” The study, published in the November issue of Annals of Neurology, shows that creatine an amino acid produced naturally in the liver, kidney, and pancreas could help the brain recover from concussions and other injuries commonly suffered by professional and amateur athletes.Every year, more than 7 million people in North America suffer brain injuries. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says more than 300,000 of those injuries happen to people participating in sports or recreational activities.
Scheff’s research team demonstrated that brain damage was reduced 21 percent when creatine was given to mice three days before injury and 36 percent when given five days ahead of time. In rats fed a diet supplemented with creatine for up to four weeks before injury, brain damage was reduced 50 percent compared with rats fed a regular diet.To sum all of the pro’s up, it enhances energy, it can help with certain diseases and keep the body functioning properly, and even to greater levels. The greatest con to creatine, is all of the possible side effects that are included with the product.
Some side effects have been substantiated in the scientific literature while other side effects have not. Most of the side effects associated with creatine have to do with its propensity to cause water retention into body compartments where it is located, either in skeletal muscle or the intestine. Along with the water retention comes significant weight gain.This is due mainly to the movement of water from the blood into skeletal muscle.
This form of muscle growth has been termed volumizing because of the increase in muscle volume that ensues. This side effect may be beneficial in certain sports such as, body building, but be less desirable in other sports such as, distance running or other endurance sports. Reports of gastrointestinal distress, nausea and diarrhoea have also been attributed to creatine use, especially when taken in large doses. These side effects are most likely due to undissolved creatine drawing water retention into the intestine.
These side effects are rarely observed when taking smaller doses of creatine. There is also some concern that creatine supplementation may place undue stress on the liver and kidneys. These concerns are most valid when creatine is taken is large quantities as during the loading phase. Under these conditions the kidneys would have to work harder to clear unabsorbed creatine from the blood stream.
Another great side effect of the drug is, cramps. Several very talented athletes take creatine, and its major side effect is the tensing up of muscles, which allows for greater chance of serious injury such as pulled muscles or possibly even tears.