[pic] The etymology of term ‘Panchatantra’ suggests that it is a combination of two words, ‘Pancha’ (five) and ‘Tantra’ (practice/ principle). So, the five principles or practices illustrated by Panchatantra are ‘Mitra Bhedha’ (Loss of Friends), ‘Mitra Laabha’ (Gaining Friends), ‘Suhrudbheda’ (Causing discord between Friends), ‘Vigra ha’ (Separation) and ‘Sandhi’ (Union). Here are provided some of the popular tales from Panchatantra. The Panchatantra is the best guide to enroot moral values in children since its each tale has a moral lesson in its end.
The Panchtantra is a great book where plants and animals can speak and converse with human beings too. The ancient Sanskrit text s contains various animal stories in verse and prose. During all these centuries, many authors and publishers worked hard to make these fables accessible and readable by a layman. These extraordinary tales t are liked, perhaps even loved by people of every age group. In addition to their ennobling morals, these stories are replete with much practical wisdom, which is relevant even to the modern society. 1. THE MERCHANT AND HIS IRON In a certain town, there lived a merchant’s son by the name of jveernadhana.
Because he had lost all his money, he made up his mind to leave that part of the country and go somewhere else, for: ‘A man who has formerly lived in great style but now lives in great misery, Is looked down upon by all. ‘ Now in his house, the merchant’s son had a very heavy iron balance, that he had inherited from his forefathers. He deposited this with another merchant and then left for a different part of the country. ‘When he had travelled all over the country to his heart’s content, jveernadhana returned to his own town, went to the merchant’s house and said, ‘Ho! Merchant!
Please return the balance that I deposited with you. ‘ ‘But brother,’ said the merchant, ‘I no longer have it. The rats ate it! ‘ ‘Merchant,’ said jveernadhana, ‘if that’s the case, then it is not your fault. Life is like that, nothing lasts for ever. Anyway, I am going to the river for a bath. Please let your son Dhanadeva come with me to carry the things and look after them. ‘ Now the merchant was afraid that the bath things might be stolen, so he said to his son, ‘My son! Here is your uncle. He is going to the river for a bath. Go along with him and carry the things that he needs. It’s true what they say: “One man is kind to another, not only out of’ affection but out of fear, greed and other reasons. If, for no reason at all, one man is over-attentive to another, it’s very doubtful that the situation will end well. ” And so, the merchant’s son gladly accompanied Jveernadhana to the river and carried his bath things. When he had taken his bath, Jveernadhana caught hold of the merchant’s son and threw him into a cave near the river bank. He then closed the entrance with a big rock and returned quickly to the merchant’s house. When the merchant saw him coming back alone, he cried, ‘Where is my son who went with you to the river? ‘ ‘I am very sorry,’ said Jveernadhana, ‘but as he was standing on the bank of the river, a flamingo swept down. , picked him up and flew off’ with him. ‘ ‘You liar! ‘ said the merchant. ‘How could a flamingo fly off’ with a child! Return my son to me immediately or I shall complain against you in the royal court. ‘ ‘Speaker of truth yourself,’ retorted Jveernadliana. ‘just as a flamingo cannot fly off with a child, so too rats can’t eat away a heavy iron balance. Give me back my balance and I’ll return your son. “Quarrelling like this, they went to the royal court. The merchant began to shout, ‘It’s disgraceful. This thief has kidnapped my son! ‘ ‘Return the merchant’s son to him,’ the judges said to Jveernadhana. ‘What can I do ? ‘ he replied. ‘While the child was standing on the river bank, a flamingo swept down, picked him up and flew off with him. ‘ ‘You are not telling the truth! ‘ said the judges. ‘How could a flamingo ever fly off with a child? ‘ ‘Please listen! ‘ said Jveernadhana. ‘Where rats can eat away a heavy iron balance, undoubtedly a flamingo can fly off with a child! ‘What do you mean ? ‘ asked the judges. And then Jveernadhana told thein the whole, story from beginning to end, and the judges burst out laughing. “In due course they were reconciled, Jveernadhana and the merchant. Jveernadhana got back his balance and the merchant his son. The judges were content. “And so,” continued Karataka, “that’s why I said: ‘Where rats can eat away a heavy iron balance, undoubtedly, a flamingo can also fly off with a child. ‘ “Now, you Damanaka are a fool. You could not bear to see Sanjivaka favoured by the king.
That’s why you arranged this quarrel. As they say: ‘Fools sneer at the wise, the poor hate the rich, the wicked run down the righteous, and harlots discredit the names of virtuous women. ‘ -In your foolishness, whilst trying to do good for us, you have, in fact, done harm. That’s why they say: ‘A shrewd enemy is far preferable, To a foolish benefactor; A foolish monkey killed the king But a shrewd thief saved the lives of the Brahmins. ‘ ” Notes In a town, there are two friends. One of them is undertaking a journey and requests his friend to keep his share of iron with himself.
He tells his friend that if he returns home unsuccessful, he shall atleast sell the iron to make some money. In his absence, the other friend sells off the iron to pay off his own debts, as he believes the merchant will never return. After some days, the merchant comes back and asks for his iron. Feeling guilty, the friend lies that he had locked the iron up in room, but rats ate them all. The Merchant pretends to believe his story and walks off. Some days later, he meets a child of the friend and locks him up in a room. When the merchant pays him a visit, he finds the friend in a distressed state due to he absence of his son.
The merchant says he saw a hawk carrying a child in its claws and it looked like his child. When the friend says he does not believe this, the merchant says, anything is possible in a city where rats eat up iron. The moral of the story is based on tit for tat. Step 1. Write a gist of the above in your own words. ( Common to all stories) Step 2. Write down the synopsis of the story in your own words. Step 3. Develop the following points into short paragraphs. You can add some more points. 1) Friendship – Friends’ expectations – their belief in their friends. ) Luck- unfavorable luck – How the rich become the poor – 3) Friendship betrayed by a false friend – selfishness – lies – false notions – mischievous dealings – cunning and irrational explanations. 4) Some people are able to solve the problem with wisdom – 5) Merchants wisdom – a practical lesson through which he taught lesson to a friend 6) An eye opener to the false friend 2. THE STORY OF THE HERON AND THE CRAB ‘Somewhere in the jungle, there was a big lake, and in it lived all kinds of water creatures. A heron also lived there. He had grown old and had no strength left to catch the fishes.
Because he was starving, he had become lean. ” ‘One day, he came to the edge of the pond and began to cry loudly, shedding his tears like pearls. A crab came up to him (a number of fishes were also with him) and asked sympathetically, “Uncle! Are you alright? Why aren’t you eating today and why are you crying? Why these sighs? ” “Ah, child,” replied the heron, “I have decided to renounce the world. I have been a fish eater but now I wouldn’t touch them even if they come near me, for I have undertaken a fast unto death. ” “What is the reason for your renunciation? ” the crab asked him. Well,” said the heron, “I was born in this pond and is here I’ve grown old. Now I have heard that there will be no rain here for the next twelve years. ” ‘Where have you heard that? ” exclaimed the crab. “From the mouth of an astrologer,” said the heron. He said that it is written in an astrological book that, due to the planetary positions, there will be no rain for the next twelve years. There’s not much water in this pond now, it will get less and less and in the end, it will dry up completely. Consequently, without water, the water creatures I grew up with and played games with will die.
I cannot bear to be separated from them. That’s why I’ve taken on this fast unto death. The water creatures of the small ponds are being evacuated to larger ones by their relatives, while the tortoises, crocodiles and the bigger animals are going elsewhere on their own. But the water creatures here don’t seem to care. I am crying because everything will be completely wiped out. ” ” ” ‘The crab told this to the other water creatures? All the crabs, fishes, tortoises and everybody were in a state of panic. They went to the heron and said, “Is there no way out?
Can’t we protect ourselves against this disaster? ” “Well,” said the heron, “not far from here is a lake, full of water. Even if there was no rain for twenty? four years, this lake, which is covered with lotus flowers, will never dry up. If somebody rides on my back I can take him there. ” ” ‘And, in this way, he gained their confidence. They gathered round him, crying, “Uncle! Father! Brother! Me first! Me first! Please! ” The wicked heron took them, one by one, on his back. When he had flown a little away, he would smash them against a rock and eat them to his heart’s content.
When he got back, he would deliver false messages to their relatives. ” ‘One day the crab said to the heron, “Uncle, I was friends with you first and yet you take the others before me. Now save my life too. ” When he heard this, the heron thought to himself, “I am tired of eating fish everyday. To change the monotony of the food, I’ll eat this crab today. ” And so he took the crab on his back and carried him to the rock where he had killed the fishes. The crab recognized the heap of bones and the skeletons of the fishes and understood everything. But calmly he said to the heron, “Uncle! Say, how far is this pond?
You must be tired of carrying me. I am very heavy. ” The heron thought to himself, “Now this dumb water creature is in my power, he cannot escape my clutches. ” So, with a smirk, he said to the crab, “Crab, where could there be another pond? This trip is for my food. I am going to smash you against this rock and eat you. ” ” ‘As soon as the heron had said this, the crab put his claws round the white, lotus like neck of the heron and strangled him to death. ‘The crab slowly dragged the neck back to the pond. All the water dwellers gathered round him and began to ask, “Crab, why are you back?
And why hasn’t uncle returned with you? Why is he wasting time? We are all impatient for a chance to be taken. ” ‘Then the crab laughed and said, “You fools! That swindler was not taking the water creatures to any pond he was smashing them against a rock, not far from here, and eating them. I was destined to stay alive and understood what he was up to. I killed the trickster and I’ve brought back his neck. Now there’s no need to worry. We are safe. ” ? ‘That’s why I said,’ continued the jackal, ‘a greedy heron, who was feeding on large, medium and small sized fishes, was killed by a mere crab. “After listening to this, the crow said, ‘Friend, tell us how we can kill the wicked cobra. ‘ ? ‘Well,’ said the jackal, ‘go to a city that is the capital of a kingdom. Visit the house of some wealthy man, a minister or someone, and see if they have been careless enough to leave a gold chain or a necklace lying about. Pick it up, and making sure that the servants are watching you, fly off slowly with it and drop it in the hollow of the tree where the snake lives. When the servants run after you to get the necklace back, they’ll see the snake and it’s certain ? hey’ll kill him. ‘ “The crows decided to take the jackal’s advice and flew off. As they were flying, the female noticed a lake, in which the women of the harem were swimming. They had left gold and pearl necklaces with their clothes on the bank of the lake. The female crow picked up a gold chain in her beak and started flying slowly to her nest. “When the eunuchs saw this, they picked up their sticks and started running after the, female crow. She let the gold chain fall near the hollow of the tree where the snake lived and seated herself on a tree near by.
When the king’s servants arrived on the scene, they Were confronted by a snake with swelling hood, before the hollow of the tree. They killed him with sticks, recovered the gold chain and returned home. And the crows lived happily ever after. “And so,” continued Damanaka, “that’s why, I said: ‘What cannot be achieved by force, can be achieved through deceit. ‘ “Nothing in this world is impossible for a clever man. Because he was clever, the hare killed a mighty lion living in the jungle. ” Notes:This story tells about the bad effects of too much greed and emphasizes n the fact that greedy people have to pay a heavy price in the end. Once there was a crane that lived on a lake and daily caught fish for many years till she grew old. Now, fragile and old, she couldn’t hunt any longer. One day she spotted a crab and tricked it that she had heard some fishermen saying that they would catch all the fish of this lake soon. No sooner, the crab heard the news, it swam to the bottom of the lake to inform the fish about this bad news. The fish came to the surface and begged the crane to think of a plan to save them.
The crane seized this opportunity and told them that she knows a lake nearby and she would take 3-4 fish with her and drop them there. The next day, the crane takes some fish in his beak and flies off. When she is out of sight, she eats up the fish. This continues for many days, till she ate them all up. Now she asks the crab to cling to her neck so that she may transfer it to the lake. But when they come near the place, the crab sees the bones of the dead fish and realizes what the crane had done. The crab clenches the crane’s throat and she finally drops dead. Step -1 Step – 2. Write down the synopsis of the story in your own words.
Step – 3. Develop the following points into short paragraphs. You can add some more points. 1) Too much Greed one of the worest qualities 2) Need vs greed- some people want to earn more beyond their need. They follow all unlaw full and immoral means to pool up wealth – sometimes too much wealth gives greed ex: Gali Bro. 3) We have to make some provisions for old age when we are young – planning for the future difficulties – insure to be secure. 4) Some people believe others easily and spread the information given by the cunning people it brings a great difficulties – don’t spread rumors ometimes they cast many lives 5) Cunning crane – cunning people. They enjoy at the cost of others. They others with false promises. Some finance companies they cheat the people with false promises, they collect huge amount and deceive the people who expect high returns from the finance companies 6) A person who inflicts torture on others will also be subjected to much torture later. 7) A criminal will be caught one day and will be punished 8) Politicians with false promises – business people with false advertisements will face a problem after some time. ) Sometimes even ordinary people can persuade or misguide the mighty who suffer from enormous ego. – they come blind with ego- 3. THE LION AND THE HARE “In the jungle, there lived a lion by the name of Bhasuraka. He was very powerful and used to kill the other animals indiscriminately. “One day, all the antelopes, boars, buffaloes, hares, and the rest went together to the lion and said, ‘Master, why do you persist in killing so many of us everyday so unnecessarily, when one animal would satisfy your hunger? Please come to an understanding with us.
From today onward we promise to send to your lair, one animal everyday for your food, if in return you guarantee that we shall be able to wander about unmolested in the jungle. In this way, you will ‘have no trouble maintaining yourself and we won’t be killed so indiscriminately. They say: “As by taking medicine in small doses, A man grows strong, so too a king becomes powerful By taxing his subjects bit by bit. A cow must be well cared for, before she yields milk and the creepers watered before they give beautiful flowers, so too a king must take care of his subjects, If he wants to get the best out of hem. ” ‘ “When he had finished listening to this, Bhasuraka said, ‘It’s very true, what you say, but if I don’t receive one animal everyday, I shall eat every one of you! ‘ “The animals promised that they would keep their word. Accordingly, everyday they drew lots, sent one animal to the lion and roamed in the jungle, unafraid. ” One day it was the hare’s turn. Forced by the other animals, he made his way to the lion, slowly and very much against his will. “On the way, the hare was considering how he might kill the lion, when he came to a well.
He leapt up on the edge and saw his reflection in the water. At this, he thought to himself, ‘Now I know a way that won’t fail. I’ll deceive the lion and make him fall into the well. ‘ ” “By the time the hare reached the lion, the sun was setting. Bhasuraka was in a fury because he had been kept waiting. He licked his lips hungrily and said to himself, ‘The first thing I’ll do tomorrow is kill all those animals! ‘ “When he was thinking this, the hare came slowly and stood before him. The lion flared up and began to shout at him, ‘You miserable creature!
First you are too small and secondly you are late. Well, for this, I’m going to kill you immediately and I’ll kill the rest of them in the jungle tomorrow morning. ‘ “‘Master,’ replied the hare very humbly, ‘it is not my fault nor the fault of the other animals. Please listen and I will explain. ‘ “‘Hurry up and tell me before I crush you! ‘ said the lion. “‘Well,’ said the hare, ‘today it fell to my lot to come to you. Because I am small, they sent four other hares with me. On the way, a huge lion came out of the den and cried, “Ho! You! Where are you going?
Call upon your chosen deity! ” And I said, “Sir, we are all going to our master Bhasuraka at the appointed time to fulfill our promise. ” ‘And he said, “Who is this Bhasuraka? I’m the master of the jungle? You should fulfill your promises only to me. Bhasuraka is an imposter! I shall hold four of you hares as hostages while you (meaning me) go and challenge Bhasuraka to a trial of strength with me Whoever turns out to be stronger, deserves to be king of the jungle and only he shall eat all the hares! ” “‘And so,’ continued the hare, ‘I have come to you as he ordered me to.
That is why I am late. Now, do as you think best. ‘ “When he heard this, Bhasuraka said, ‘Friend, if this is true, then take me to this pretender immediately so that I can pour out on him all my rage against you and then I shall be quiet! ‘ “‘Master,’ said the hare, ‘it is the truth, but this lion lives in a stronghold. It’s difficult to attack someone who is hiding in a stronghold, for they say: “A single archer, behind the wall of a castle can fight a hundred men of the enemy. ” ‘ “When he heard this, Bhasuraka replied, ‘Friend!
He may have hidden himself in his stronghold, but just show him to me and I’ll kill him, for they say: “Suppress your enemies and diseases at the very beginning or they will become strong and destroy you. ” ‘ ‘That’s true,’ said the hare, ‘but I’ve seen him. He is very strong. It would be unwise of you to approach Him without finding out exactly what his strength is, for they say: “He who attacks an enemy, without knowing his strength, is sure to be destroyed, like a moth in the fire. ” ‘That’s not your concern,’ said Bhasuraka, ‘just take me to him! ‘ ‘Very well then,’ said the hare, ‘come with me. “The hare went ahead so as to lead the lion to the well. ‘When they reached the well, the hare said to the lion, ‘My Lord! Who can withstand your power! The imposter has seen you coming and has hidden himself in his stronghold! ‘ And the hare pointed out the well. ‘The foolish lion saw his reflection in the water and imagined that it was his enemy. He roared fearfully and at once his roar was doubly re-echoed from the well. Furious at the other lion, he leapt in upon him and was drowned. “Very pleased with himself, the hare went back to the jungle and told the other animals what had happened.
They showered him with praise and all, lived happily ever after. ‘And so,” continued Damanaka, “that’s why I said: It’s the clever man who is powerful. Now, if you think fit, I shall use my cleverness to create dissension between he lion and Sanjivaka. ” “If you can,” said Karataka, “then do it. And may God protect you. ” One day, shortly afterwards, seeing Pingalaka sitting apart from Sanjivaka, Damanaka bowed and stood before Him. “My friend! ” said Pingalaka. “Where have you been hiding for so long? ” I didn’t come,” said Damanaka, “because you wouldn’t have anything to do with me.
But I have come now, of my own accord, to talk with you because I see the impending destruction of all your administration and my heart is heavy with grief. ” ‘When he heard Damanaka speaking so intently, Pingalaka asked him, “What are you trying to say to me? Out with it! ” “Master,” replied Damanaka, “Sanjivaka hates you! This very ox that you consider to be your friend, is in reality your enemy. He told me in confidence, ‘Damanaka, I have got to know all about Pingalaka’s strengths and weaknesses. I am going to kill him and become king of the animals. Then I shall appoint you as my minister. When Pingalaka heard this, he was flabbergasted, as if a thunderbolt had struck him, and he could not speak. -Damanaka saw this and thought to himself, “Pingalaka certainly has too much confidence in Sanjivaka. Undoubtedly this will lead to Pingalaka’s destruction. They say: ‘When a king submits himself entirely To one adviser, That man becomes haughty and mad for power: He will try to be independent and as this desire grows in his heart, in the end he will secretly plan the king’s death. ‘ After some time, Pingalaka recovered himself and said, “What shall I do? Sanjivaka has become as dear to me as my own life.
I cannot believe that he could betray me. “Master,” replied Damanaka, “being a servant is always painful. Only the weak, the ones with no initiative, faithfully serve the king for ever. ” “All the same,” said Pingalaka, “still my mind is not poisoned against him. ” “Your Majesty,” said Damanaka, “you are making a great mistake. And in any case, what particular virtue do you see in Sanjivaka? He is a fellow without qualities! And if you think that he is a heavy animal and will help you kill your enemies, you are mistaken. He is a mere grass eater and all your enemies are carnivorous.
And so, the best thing you can do is accuse him of some offence and kill him. ” “To find fault with someone after openly singing his praises,” said Pingalaka, “will be like breaking an oath. Besides, I have given my word, as you advised me to, that he would be safe. How then can I kill him with my own hands? Sanjivaka is a real friend to me, I have no reason whatever to be angry with him, for: ‘It is not good to cut down even a poisonous tree, if it has been planted by one’s own hands. ‘ And, ‘First it is foolish to love, but if love one must, that love should be allowed to grow. And again, ‘It is shameful to raise someone up and afterwards to cause his downfall. ‘ “And so, even if Sanjivaka has turned traitor to me, I shall not lift my hand against him. ” Your Majesty,” replied Damanaka, “to take pity on an enemy is against the royal code. And if you follow this non violent creed, where will the others get meat from? If they forsake you, you too will die. When you are in the company of Sanjivaka, you don’t even think of going out hunting, because: ‘In the company of the wicked, the good follow the wrong path, and so the wise shun the company of wicked men. And, ‘Refrain from entertaining a man whose character is unknown. The bug was at fault But instead they killed the flea. ‘ Notes This story is about a lion and a hare that has an important moral that, nothing is impossible for the wise. A lion goes around killing hapless creatures in a forest. The creatures get tired of living in fear all the time and gather courage to go to the lion with a solution. They tell him that daily one creature would be sent to him as food. The lion is pleased and agrees. The animals now decide that the creature whose numbers are the maximum shall be sent one by one.
The hare turns out to be the biggest in number and is sent to the lion. Reluctant to go to the lion, he wanders in the forest and finds an ancient well. When the lion becomes impatient after waiting for a long time, he goes out in search of food. The hare tells him that he was going to come to him, but was topped by another lion who claimed to be the king of jungle. The lion gets infuriated when he hears this and demands to meet the other lion. The hare takes him to the well and tells the lion to look inside.
The lion sees his own reflection and in anger, jumps inside the well to kill the other lion and dies. Step -1 Step – 2. Write down the synopsis of the story in your own words. Step – 3. Develop the following points into short paragraphs. You can add some more points. 1) Some people find joy in playing with the lives of others- people blind with power-money-Gali brothers – Iron ore transportation – many people were killed – they never care for the poor and helpless. 2) Some times good agreements between warring people bring peace- Some people think wisely – find out permanent solutions to some recurring roblems – Mokshagundam Visweswarayya – advised to sink a ship at the entry of the Vizag harbour to prevent sand entering into the harbour. 3) Some people lose their temper when they angry or hungry- They do certain acts in that fit of anger some time they repent – Some time there is no scope for repentance. 4) Some people lose their temper when they angry or hungry- They do certain acts in that fit of anger some time they repent – Some time there is no scope for repentance. 4. THE STORY OF THE TURTLE WHO FELL OFF THE STICK “‘In a certain lake, there lived a turtle, by the name of Kambugriva.
Two swans, whose names were Sankata and Vikata, were, her friends. Every day, the three of them would go to the bank of the lake and tell each other stories about holy saints and hermits, and then go home at sunset. ‘After a few years, that part of the country had no rain and, bit by bit, the lake began to dry up. ‘The two swans were worried about it and said to the turtle, “This lake is becoming nothing but mud. We are worried as to how we will be able to survive here, without water. ” My friends,” replied the turtle, “it’s quite true that it’s impossible to stay here.
But we will find some way for: ‘Even in bad times, a man should not lose hope, For by making an effort, He can certainly find a solution. ‘ “So,” continued the turtle, “first look for a lake full of water. Then find a strong stick or a rope from somewhere. I shall hold on tight with my mouth to the middle of the stick and you can hold the ends and me like this, to the lake. ” “Friend,” replied the swans, “we’ll do what you suggest, while we’re flying, you mustn’t open your mouth to speak, or you will fall off the stick! ” They carried out this plan. When they had flown some distance, the turtle saw below, a town.
The town people looked up and saw something being carried in the sky. They said to each other, full of admiration, look at that! Those birds are carrying a round thing! ” . When the turtle heard the commotion, she opened Her mouth to ask, “What’s all that noise about! ” But of course the minute she opened her mouth to speak, she fell down to the earth. And the people hacked her to pieces and ate her. ‘And so,’ continued the female tittiblia, ‘that’s why I said: “Those who refuse to follow the advice of friends who wish them well, come to grief, like the foolish turtle who fell off the stick. And, “He who puts his mind to a problem before it presents itself, and he who puts his mind to it when it actually arrives, both these categories escape, but those who depend on luck, will be destroyed, as Yadbhavishya was, by the fishermen. ” ” Notes This story has a very important moral. It emphasizes that silence is golden. A tortoise and a goose live together in a lake. After some years, the lake starts to dry up and the goose readies to fly somewhere else. The tortoise begs him to take him along. The goose tells him that he should grasp the end of a stick in his mouth and at no cost should he open his mouth.
The tortoise agrees and goose carries the stick with the tortoise and flies off. While passing over a village, they are spotted by the villagers who laugh at the sight of the tortoise flying. Infuriated, the tortoise opens his mouth to answer back at them. but he loses grip and falls to the ground and dies. Step -1 Step – 2. Write down the synopsis of the story in your own words. Step – 3. Develop the following points into short paragraphs 1) Water, its’s importance for living beings-draughts may occur at times- then people migrate to safter zones where water is available. ) Some friends are ready to extend a helping hand to a friend who is in need – a friend in need is a friend deed. 3) Some people get good ideas to get out of the present difficulties. 4) Some people make their agreements bringing doom on themselves and on others – false agreements between countries, false promises by cunning politicians. 5) There are always some people who are ready to laugh at us. 6) One should not care for them or try to snub them. 7) Only the police people can’t stand to the criticism or jeering of others. 8) Wise never mind such things- they go on doing their work as per their plan.