[Solved] module 4 essay

chinese
The ___ are credited with the invention of paper around 105 c.e.
b
The predecessor of the graphite pencil, especially popular during the Renaissance, is

charcoal.

metalpoint.

crayon.

pen and ink.

pastel.
pigment
The coloring material in virtually all drawing media is known as ___
c
Which of the following media is the most common of all drawing media?

metalpoint

pastel

graphite pencil

pen and ink

conté crayon
wire
In metalpoint, lines areare drawn with a silver ___ onto a surface coated with a preliminary coating of paint
a
The difference in the color and consistency of different types of crayons and pastels is due to

the use of different binders.

the fact that these medium do not need a binding agent.

the fact that crayons are made for children, while pastels are made for artists.

the use of liquid pigmentation.

None of these answers is correct; there is no difference.
a
The style used by Georges Seurat in Café-concert is

pointillism.

surrealism.

realism.

conceptual art.

impressionistic.
d
What part of the pen conveys the ink to the drawing surface?

the quill

the twig

the calligraphic

the nib

None of these answers is correct.
e
Leonardo da Vinci used drawings to explore ideas in

art.

mathematics.

science.

engineering.

All these answers are correct.
e
________ is/are among the materials besides paper that have provided support for drawings.

Papyrus

Cave walls

Silk

Fired clay

All these answers are correct.
b
Because this 20th-century artist dated most of his drawings over the course of his lifetime, we have nearly a complete visual record of his mind at work.

Ingres

Picasso

van Gogh

Rembrandt

Degas
c
In Shahzia Sikander’s I from 51 Ways of Looking _________ was used as the medium.

ink

conté crayon

graphite

chalk

None of the answers are correct.
e
A traditional metalpoint ground recipe calls for a mixture of

bone ash.

glue.

white pigment.

water.

All of the answers are correct.
d
Vonne Jacquette’s Three Mile Island, Night I uses the medium of

chalk.

pastel.

white pigment.

charcoal.

All of the answers are correct.
b
The 20th-century master of the fresco technique who created the work MixtecCulture is

Raphael.

Diego Rivera.

Pablo Picasso.

Georges Braque.

Frida Kahlo.
a
What is pigment in paint?

a powdered color

a medium

a solvent

a binder

a vehicle
b
Which of the following is an example of a nonaqueous medium?

fresco

oil paint

acrylic

watercolor

None of these answers is correct.
e
The painting technique used in the first century in Egypt, Greece, and Rome that involves the use of wax is

fresco.

oil paint.

acrylic.

tempera.

encaustic.
d
In buon fresco, or true fresco, pigment is mixed with water and applied to

dry plaster.

stretched canvas.

hot beeswax.

wet plaster.

raw silk.
c
After building a canvas and before painting it, a painter generally applies a coat of

fresco.

linseed oil.

primer.

a nonaqueous medium.

None of these answers is correct.
a
In fresco painting, a drawing called a ________ is transferred to the prepared surface prior to applying the pigment.

cartoon

mosaic

collage

gouache

sketch
d
Watercolor’s primary characteristic is its

permanency.

opacity.

ease of revision.

transparency.

textural qualities.
b
Two ancient painting media that are still in use today are

acrylics and oils.

encaustic and fresco.

gouache and oils.

collage and acrylics.

gouache and fresco.
e
One of the advantages of oil painting is that it dries very slowly. This allows for

a subtle blending of colors

the painting to be reworked indefinitely

the application of layers of paint on top of one another

an almost infinite range of consistencies

all these answers are correct
d
________ is watercolor that has been made opaque by adding inert white pigment to it.

Encaustic

Impasto

Fresco

Gouache

None of these answers is correct.
b
Pope Julius II employed which two Italian Renaissance artists to paint frescoes for him?

Rivera and Kahlo

Michelangelo and Raphael

Van Gogh and Gauguin

Vermeer and Van Eyck

Donatello and Titian
d
A nonaqueous paint is one that

is less expensive than most.

produces the most brilliant colors.

dissolves in water.

dissolves in something other than water.

is very fast-drying.
d
Technically, tempera is paint in which the vehicle is in

a pigment.

an impasto.

a ground.

an emulsion.

a glaze.
c
Except in the case of ________, identical multiple impressions are printed to create editions in printmaking.

screenprints

intaglio prints

monotypes

relief prints

planographic prints
impression
In printmaking, where multiple images are made from the same original design, each individual print is called an ___
lithography
The printing technique invented by a German playwright is search of an inexpensive means of publishing his play is ___
c
Which is NOT one of the four basic printmaking processes?

screenprinting

relief

gouache

lithography

intaglio
c
The earliest known printed book contains the earliest surviving woodcut image. The book was made in the 9th century C.E. in

Germany.

Spain.

China.

Egypt.

None of these answers is correct.
c
A rubber stamp creates what type of print?

lithograph

silkscreen

relief

intaglio

None of these answers is correct.
registration
Printing impressions on top of another from separate blocks in order to achieve full-color woodcut prints requires careful alignment of the paper, known as ___
d
What are the two main differences between prints and most other forms of art?

Prints are always machine-made and relatively inexpensive.

Prints are copies of works of art and don’t involve artists in the production process.

Prints have very little resale value and are a poor investment for collectors.

Prints are made using an indirect process and this process results in multiples of the same image.

None of these answers is correct.
b
One of the main differences between the intaglio and the relief printing processes is that with intaglio the ink ________ the surface of the printing plate.

lies above

lies below

lies even with

is forced through

None of these answers is correct.
e
The earliest-known woodcut was made in

Germany.

India.

Italy.

Japan.

China.
relief, intaglio, lithography
What are the techniques of intaglio printing?
d
A good example of the use of aquatint in creating areas of unmodulated, translucent color is the print

Standard Station by Ed Ruscha.

Hasta La Muerte by Francisco de Goya.

Untitled (Sequoia and Moon) by Vija Celmins.

Woman Bathing by Mary Cassatt.

Preface to the Diamond Sutra
a
Which of the following printing techniques is especially capable of producing subtle shades of gray?

mezzotint

engraving

linocut

drypoint

All these answers are correct.
b
In printmaking, a plate or block will be cancelled so that

a new image may be printed from it.

no more prints can be made from it.

the artist may rework his or her ideas anew.

the printmaker can properly register the prints.

ink can be applied to it for printing.
e
The idea that a print is made from a matrix has been altered by the use of ________ to make prints.

silkscreen

lithographic stone

monotypes

the planographic process

an artist-quality printer
e
Lithography is a __________ process, which means that the printing surface is flat, not raised.

etching

intaglio

serigraphy

relief

planographic

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