Filipino Colony – the Asosacion Hispano – Filipina and theBroad Spanish Newspapers ( La Justicia. El Globo. La Republica. El Resumen. etc. )
M. H. del Pilar – acted as the attorney of Dr. Jose RizalDr. Dominador Gomez – secretary of the Asosacion Hispano – Filipina Senor Fabie – Minister of ColoniesEl Resumen – a Madrid newspaper which sympathized the Filipino cause
” to cover the ears. open the bag and fold the weaponries ”– Spanish colonial policy
Silvestre Ubaldo – his brother-in-law– brought a transcript of the ejectment order by the Dominicans against Francisco Rizal and other Calamba renters.
Saturnina – his sister– in which he learned the exile of Paciano ( Rizal ) . Antonino ( Lopez ) . Silvestre ( Ubaldo ) . and Dandoy ( Dr. Rizal’s relation ) to Mindoro.
September 6. 1890 – the unfortunate exiles were arrested in Calamba and were shipped out of Manila.
Narcisa – Antonino’s married woman– Rizal’s parents were populating in her house when they had been forcibly ejected from their place.
Becerra and Maura – broad Spanish solons
Queen Regent Maria Cristina – swayer of Spain during the minority of AlfonsoThirteen.
RIZAL’S EULOGY TO PANGANIBAN
Jose Ma. Panganiban – his gifted colleague in the Propaganda Movement. died in Barcelona on August 19. 1890 after a tarriance unwellness.
ABORTED DUEL WITH ANTONIO LUNA
Towards the terminal of August 1890. Rizal attended a societal reunion of the Filipinos in Madrid.
Antonio Luna – his friend who had a defeated love affair with Nellie Boustead– he blamed Rizal for his failure to win her and expressed unsavoury comments about Nellie
• Angered by the calumniatory comments. he challenged Luna. his friend to duel. Fortunately. Luna. when he became sober. realized that he had made a sap of himself during his bibulous province. apologized about what he said and they became good friend once more.
RIZAL CHALLENGES RETANA A DUEL
Wenceslao E. Retana – acrimonious enemy of the pen– a gifted Spanish bookman and a imperativeness agent of the mendicants in Spain.– he used to assail the Filipinos. including Rizal. in assorted newspapers in Madrid and other metropoliss in Spain.
La Epoca – an anti-Filipino newspaper in Madrid– Retana wrote an article asseverating that the household and friends of Rizal had non paid their rents so that they were ejected from their lands in Calamba by the Dominicans.
• Such an abuse stirred Rizal into action so he challenged him to duel but Retana published a abjuration and an apology in the newspapers.
Retana – with the incident. his pen against Rizal became soundless. He developed a great esteem for the latter. and old ages subsequently he wrote the first book-length life of the greatest Filipino hero. whose endowments he came to acknowledge and whose matyrdom he glorified.
INFIDELITY OF LEONOR RIVERA
Teatro Apolo – Rizal and his friends attended a drama and at that place. he lost his gold ticker concatenation with a locket incorporating the image of Leonor Rivera.
Leonor Rivera – his darling sweetie
December 1890 – he received a missive from Leonor Rivera denoting her matrimony to an English adult male ( pick of her female parent ) and inquiring his forgiveness.
February 15. 1891 – his friend Blumentritt sent a missive to Rizal comforting him.
RIZAL-DEL PILAR RIVALRY
M. H. del Pilar – fearless lawyer-journalist– he had purchased this biweekly periodical from Pablo Rianzares ( first owner ) and had replaced Graciano Lopez Jaena as its editor.
January 1. 1891 – the Filipinos in Madrid met to piece up the differences and to escalate the run for reform.
Responsable – the leader and be chosen to direct the personal businesss of the Filipino community and to find the column policy of La Solidaridad.
RIZAL ABDICATES HIS LEADERSHIP
First hebdomad of February 1891 – the election took topographic point. the Filipinos were divided into two hostile cantonments — the Rizalistas abd the Pilaristas.
First twenty-four hours of the vote – Rizal was winning but he could non obtain the needed two-thirds ballot to be proclaimed Responsable.
Second twenty-four hours of balloting – the consequence was indecisive — Rizal won but the ballots cast for him did non make the needed two-thirds.
Mariano Ponce – appealed to his countrymen with stirring fluency to vote for Rizal.
Jose Rizal – declined the desired place. He was a adult male of award and self-respect. with a high sense of delicadeza. He knew that some of his compatriots who supported Del Pilar despised or disliked him. So he preferred to renounce his leading instead than be the cause of disunity and resentment among his countrymen.