*synthesized from Professor Pamela Bedore Ph.D. and her Great Utopian and Dystopian Works of Literature class for the Great Courses, Virginia, 2017.

Crotwell Candide worksheet Name: _____________________________
*synthesized from Professor Pamela Bedore Ph.D. and her Great Utopian and Dystopian Works of Literature class for the Great Courses, Virginia, 2017.
Candide (short novel to satirize optimism of Alexander Pope and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz) by Voltaire (Francois-Marie Arouet)
Candide means gullible in French and he’s in love with Cunegonde (the baron’s daughter) and (the real Saint Cunegonde was a virgin martyr)
Pangloss (means all tongue or all talk) philosopher who teaches “metaphysico-theologo-cosmolo-nigology”
Directions: Please answer each of the ten questions. It is wise to have your book with you as you go and you can jot down page numbers where things are for easy access to quotes when we do our essay this week.
(1) The novel makes the point that horrible things happen to optimistic people, over and over, and their worldview does not change. Why? ________________________________________________________________
(2) Describe some of Candide’s experiences after getting thrown out of the castle. How did he keep his optimistic outlook intact? Any examples of pathos? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
(3) Describe the utopian El Dorado ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
(4) Why do Candide and Cacambo leave El Dorado? _______________________________________________________________________
(5) What do they realize about wealth? ______________________________________________________________________________
(6) Describe Martin’s point of view and his logical reasons (logos) for his view. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
(7) Is Pangloss annoying? Explain. What is his ethos? ______________________________________________________________________________
(8) What is the significance of everyone dead coming back to life? Why? ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
(9) What does Candide discover at the end of the novel? Explain. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
(10) Do you feel like the cast of characters who lives on the farm will work out? Why? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
LINK
https://www.gutenberg.org/files/19942/19942-h/19942-h.htm

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