The final paper will be on your research proposal project. You will be required to select one social issue/problem; explain why you choose this particular issue; provide 9 scholarly articles that specifically studied the issue/problem from 2002-2019; provide the proposed methodology; provide a completed IRB form; as well as the different components of the research proposal listed at the end of chapter 4. Elements of a Research Proposal (8-9 single space pages, without reference page or IRB form) Introduction Problem or Objective ( must complete all question/ topics on the list below ) What exactly do you want to study? Research Questions/Hypothesis What is your research question or questions? Do you have any predictions about your variables? Significance of Study What will this study help uncover? What are the broader impacts for society? Why is the study necessary? How does this study benefit society? Who will benefit from this study? How does this contribute to the field of Sociology? Literature Review (8-10 Scholarly Journals) What have others said about this topic? What previous research exist? Are these consistent findings, or do past studies disagree? Does the body of existing research have flaws you can remedy? Methodology Subjects for Study Who or what will you study in order to collect data? Identify subjects in general and specific terms. Identify and describe the sampling method you are proposing for the quantitative and qualitative portions of the proposed study (i.e., simple random sampling, convenience sampling, etc.) Indicate the anticipated sample size for quantitative and qualitative samples Describe (in general) the anticipated demographic characteristics of your quantitative and qualitative samples Study Site Identify and describe where your study will take place, including city and state and, if applicable, agency name. Measurement What are the key variables in your study? How will you define and measure them? For the quantitative portion of the proposed study: Identify and describe the operational definition (e.g. how it is measured) for the independent and the dependent variables. Describe the type of quantitative study instrument being used, such as a survey, a case record review form, or if the data are supposed to come from administrative data, indicate that here. Describe the reliability of the quantitative study instrument, if known. If not known, then describe how you would address reliability issues (e.g. how will you know if the instrument is reliable)? Describe the validity of the quantitative study instrument, if known. If not known, then describe how you would address validity issues (e.g. how will you know if the instrument is valid)? For the qualitative portion of the proposed study: Identify and describe the main domains that are to be explored (e.g. the main topics you are going to ask about) Describe the type of qualitative study instrument being proposed, such as a semi-structured interview guide, or a focus group guide. Describe how potential issues related to the credibility and trustworthiness of the data will be addressed Data Collection How will you actually collect the data for your study? Describe, step by step, how you will: Describe how you will obtain informed consent, ensure participants’ confidentiality or anonymity, protect them from harm, and submit your proposal to an IRB for review and approval. Recruit potential participants (if applicable) Collect data from participants What will happen when you collect data (survey, interview questions, audio recording, field notes, etc..) If the proposed study includes an intervention, describe the intervention in this section Data Analysis Indicate the kind of analysis you plan to conduct. For the quantitative portion: Describe the types of descriptive statistics that you are proposing to use for each variable of interest, including: demographic variables, the independent variable, the dependent variable and also any important extraneous (i.e. confounding) variables that may influence the possible relationship between the independent and the dependent variables. Describe the type of inferential statistics that you are proposing to use to test your hypothesis.