Assessing Hate Crimes and Hate Speech The body of this paper contains two parts: Part 1: What are the key issues in assessing hate crimes legislation and enforcement? Should “hate crimes” legislation be abandoned? Should they be strengthened? In answering this question, define “hate crime” statutes and discuss the criminological bases for these statutes and the obstacles they face in meeting constitutional requirements. Include relevant articles and cases. Restrict your sources to material covered in class and in the readings. Part 2: Compare and Contrast the European and American approaches to dealing with hate speech as hate crimes. Discuss the key cases and key readings. Assess the argument that the First Amendment and the Due Process Clauses of the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendment prevent states from enacting hate speech regulation and the argument that the Fourteenth Amendment demands that we regulate hate speech. What is the sociological/criminological impact of our present policy? What would the likely impact be of taking a different course? Restrict your sources to those either discussed in the lectures or assigned as readings. STRUCTURE INTRODUCTION: (ONE TO TWO PARAGRAPHS): 1. GRAB ATTENTION 2. STATE YOUR THESIS 3. PREVIEW YOUR MAIN POINTS 4. TRANSITION TO THE BODY OF THE PAPER BODY OF THE PAPER (SEVERAL PAGES) 1. DIVIDE THE BODY OF THE PAPER INTO TWO MAIN SECTIONS, THE FIRST DEALING WITH HATE CRIME AND THE SECOND DEALING WITH HATE SPEECH. 2. HAVE A SUBJECT HEADING FOR EACH MAIN POINT YOU COVER. (YOU SHOULD ALSO HAVE THIS FOR YOUR INTRODUCTION and FOR YOUR CONCLUSION). 3. COVER ONLY ONE MAIN POINT PER PARAGRAPH. 4. IF YOU NEED TO DEVELOP YOUR POINTS MORE FULLY, THEN GIVE EACH SUPPORTING POINT ITS OWN PARAGRAPH. 5. EACH PARAGRAPH MUST CONTAIN THE FOLLOWING: A. A FULL DECLARATIVE SENTENCE THAT STATING THE MAIIN POINT OF THE PARAGRAPH. B. A DEFINITION OF WHAT YOU MEAN BY THAT TOPIC SENTENCE CLARIFYING ANY ANBIGUOUS TERMS AND FURTHER EXPLAININ THE TOPIC SENTENCE. C. FACTUAL SUPPORT PROVING THE CONTENTION (MAIN POINT OF THE PARAGRAPH). D. A CONCLUDING SENTENCE THAT SUMMARIZES THE PARAGRAPH E. A TRANSITION TO THE NEXT PARAGRAPH (UNLESS THIS IS THE FINAL PARAGRAPH OF THE PAPER). F. NO PARAGRAPH SHOULD BE MORE THAN HALF A PAGE DOUBLE SPACED USING 12 POINT TYPE. CONCLUSION: (ONE TO THREE PARAGRAPHS) 1. RESTATE YOUR THESIS 2. HIGHLIGHT YOUR MAIN POINTS AND FACTUAL SUPPORT 3. RAISE ISSUES TO BE FURTHER EXPLORED 4. GIVE THE READER A FEELING OF COMPLETION FOR YOUR WORK ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY: 1. INCLUDE ONLY SOURCES YOU ACTUALLY USE IN THE PAPER. 2. AFTER EACH SOURCE, INCLUDE A BRIEF (1-3 SENTENCE) DESCRIPTION OF WHAT WAS USEFUL TO YOU IN THIS SOURCE. 3. INCLUDE ANY CASES YOU MENTION IN THE ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY. 4. USE EMBEDDED CITATIONS WITH CASE NAME AND DATE WHEN REPORTING CASES. EMBED AUTHOR AND DATE FOR ARTICLES AND INCLUDE THE PAGE NUMBER WHEN YOU QUOTE FROM THE ARTICLE. THE EMBEDDED CITATION MUST APPEAR IMMEDIATELY AFTER YOU HAVE USED THE SOURCE AND REAPPEAR EACH TIME YOU USE SOMETHING ELSE IN THAT SOURCE.