Elements Definition How it can be described Melody The line or tune in music Conjunct, disjunct, ascending, descending, high, low, repetitive, wide/small range, stepwise, based on a scale, based on a triad, has sequences Rhythm The movement or pulse of m

The elements of music are combined to make a composition complete. It is the way that the elements are combined that gives a song/piece from various styles and genres their distinctive sound. The following table gives ways in which the different elements may be described. Elements Definition How it can be described Melody The line or tune in music Conjunct, disjunct, ascending, descending, high, low, repetitive, wide/small range, stepwise, based on a scale, based on a triad, has sequences Rhythm The movement or pulse of music in time Syncopated, repetitive, accented, regular, irregular, metrical patterns (duple, triple, quadruple, etc.) Harmony The use of chords usually to support a melody Small/large number of chords, repetitive pattern, consonance, dissonance Structure/Form The plan of a piece Through composed, Binary (AB), Ternary (ABA), Rondo (ABACA), Theme and Variations, Verse/Chorus, Strophic, etc. Texture Refers to how many layers or voices are in a piece Monophonic- one part but applies to doubling parts at an octave resulting in a thin texture Homophonic- many notes moving as part of a chord Polyphonic- many parts moving and stopping independently of each other resulting in a thick texture Timbre/Tone color Each instrument/voice has its own distinctive tone color Warm, bright, dull, etc. Tempo The speed of the music Fast, slow, moderate, etc. Dynamics The loudness or softness of the music From very very soft through very very loud Performing media/Instrumentation Who or what is performing the music Strings, winds, brass, percussion, keyboards, electronic. Voicesmale, female Tonality/Modality Tone/Key center Major, minor, modal, atonal