Cyrano de Bergerac by Edmond Rostand
Be aware of numerous references by Rostand to other famous literary works and plays. For example, the balcony scene in Cyrano de Bergerac is a parody of the balcony scene in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet. Pay special attention, however, to the many references to Alexandre Dumas’ 1844 novel The Three Musketeers. Rostand was a fan of Dumas’ novel, and he both parodies and pays tribute to it in Cyrano de Bergerac. Here are just a few of the allusions Rostand makes to The Three Musketeers.
4. Understand some of the symbols that occur in Cyrano de Bergerac: Cyrano’s nose symbolizes several things. On the one hand, it symbolizes his best qualities: loyalty, virtue, bravery, and independence. It also symbolizes his character’s biggest weakness: his insecurities when it comes to love. ♦ Cyrano’s tears and Christian’s blood on the last letter to Roxane symbolize the fact that the two men together made up one romantic hero. ♦ ♦ The white plume is a symbol of honor, bravery, purity, and moral integrity.