What are the different elements of corporate social responsibilities, and what are the accessible theoretical structures to understand them?    How precisely is Corporate social responsibility relevant with regards to the worldwide development of the business?

  • Discuss your chosen methodology and method for the collection of your data
  • Indicate which methodology (such as survey, case study, action research) you wish to employ and why
  • Explain how this is consistent with your epistemological stance
  • Discuss the threats to validity and reliability contained in this research design
  • Describe the data collection method(s) you will use (such as questionnaire, interviews, focus groups), and justify how these will be sufficient to answer your research question
  • Describe your sampling technique and the reasons for the profile of your respondents when collecting primary data
  • What are the problems that you may encounter in gaining access to your data? Provide strategies that can be useful to help you solve these problems
  • Are there any ethical issues that you need to consider?
  • Provide a brief discussion on how you plan to analyse your data and the tools that you may need for a proper analysis based on your method





Management School

KMGT 678


Research Methods

Instructor: Evangelia Siachou



Individual Assignment

Planning for Research Project


Student: Mostafa Asar

Student ID: H00069081








One of the required factors that organizations needed to follow by one way or other is the Corporate social responsibility(CSR). in the recent years, with the increase of the number of the business of the companies and governments increased the terms of liabilities for the consumers. CSR considered relatively new to the market, but the top management in big firms around the world trust the importance of CSR in the market for the repo. In addition, CSR is assisting businesses to met rules and standers as well as market transparency (Carroll, A. B., 1999). Furthermore, introducing the factor of CSR in the organizations in the global markets indicates the complex situation of defending what is necessary to undertake as social and also what context needed to avoid. In the corporate world, there is several theoretical sets and framework that determined the role map of the CSR in modern times (Abagail McWilliams and Donald Siegel, 2001). Further, it is needed to go forward and to analyze the CSR concept and the importance of inclusive the business world globalization revolutions as social spheres.


Literature Review

According to Carroll, A. B. (1999), CSR history appears earlier in the 1950s when it was the World War II, after the war the world regenerating the sales and production it was as a potential light for vanished the commercial of aftermath for finishing the war. In addition, during that time, the local markets were forcibly dominated, and the groups were able to pressure the foreign companies to collaborate with local companies in the market to assist them in the production and sales. In this scenario, it was important that the organization formally publicize the situation in front of the government.


However, the author notes the key factor for companies’ collapse and bankrupt of the companies during this period due to discrepancies procedures of the expenditures and funding. Carroll moves forward and introduces the development of CSR between the 60s and 70s when the managers began to understand the sensitivity of their positions; the sensible people only who can dispose of professional and personal labilities as they want to be perceived as they are the leaders and responsible managers on the companies. Furthermore, the discussion of Carroll limits CSR implications and frameworks until the 90s, and the discussion does not include the organization’s business expansion revolution globally for excepting one nation to another one. However, for that particular reason, the companies took the importance of the CSR question gravely.


According to Abagail McWilliams and Donald Siegel (2001) as they believe the CSR is supportive the transparency. More than that, they perceive the effectiveness of the CSR depends on some hypothetical factors that can assist the firm in indicating some perfect results. Moreover, factors that affect the CSR such as the company size, the diversification level, advertising, research development, sales of the government, the income of the consumers, the conditions of market labors, and the life cycle of the industry stage. Also, Abagail McWilliams and Donald Siegel conclude the hypotheses that there is a “perfect” level of the CSR, that allows the managers to identify the CSR through the analysis of the cost benefits. Moreover, they also find there is a neutral relationship between the performance of the finance and the CSR.





On the other hand, after observing the CSR become more sensitive when it be related to the financial analysis of the company. Nowadays, there are several components to be covered in the financial performance in the companies’ section. Reversing to the past the auditing was simpler, also there are financial reports generated quarterly to be published online and available for viewing to the public. In addition, over the years, the stakeholders’ participation in the company has increased, and that leads to pressurizing the decision-makers inside the structure of the organization. More than that, the authors also come out that financial performance, not only important factories the leads to the perfection of the CSR scale. The author highlighted the role of the sales diversifications for customers is becoming an effective factor for the implementation of the CSR.


The view of Elisabet Garriga and Domènec Melé (2004) for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) not only presenting the theories landscapes also, the approaches expansion, leads to controversial, indistinct, and complexity. This article attempts to explain the situation “mapping the territory” by characterizing the main theories of CSR related to the methodologies to four groups:

1- Theory of the instrumental: the main objective of building a corporation is the finance generation; whatever the companies’ social activates have to make, the main goal is to direct the inputs of the economic achievements.

2-  Theory of the politics: which is identifying the political direction activities for the corporation. That means it tends to use sensible power to gain advantages over competitors.




3- Theory of integration: the main objective of the corporation to satisfy the social demand.

4- Theory of ethics: the main objective of the corporation is the social responsibility to society.

Additionally, the practice theories of the CSR guide for four dimensions they are profitable performance, the political performance, the social demand, and the value of ethics. Furthermore, the evolvement of a fresh theory becomes a must according to the latest returns between the relationship of society and business, which will assist in integrating the four dimensions.


Research Questions

  •    What are the different elements of corporate social responsibilities, and what are the accessible theoretical structures to understand them?
  •    How precisely is Corporate social responsibility relevant with regards to the worldwide development of the business?
  •    The cost adequacy ought to accomplished to outline the ideal standards of Corporate social responsibilities. Is this theoretically deduced viewpoint, or it tends to executed in actuality?
  •    What is the condition of the enterprise, and how the top management functions with regards to part choice circumstance?
  •    In the worldwide insurgency of sales and production, do Corporate social responsibilities are indistinguishable with an obligation, or are it a moral risk to the top management to fulfill the desires for the stakeholders?




Interest of the Topic

My personal opinion would support this CSR concept as it is so much involved in the job liability of decision-makers. The previously mentioned questions are the main for the design of this research as it is really important to picture the questions which represent CSR of the organizations nowadays where several indicators affect sales and production in the world. The decision-makers need to transact with different conditions to make sure to keep transparency with the organization workers as authorities and shareholders (Hayzlett, J., 2020).


Feasibility of the Study

Nowadays, time represents the perfect timing for the organizations that have real considerable thoughts to accomplish nourishment, improvement, and grooming of skills of the management. They embrace many directions for doing that and occupy several positive influences to accomplish the typical aims of management conductivity. Yet, the positive influence would affect back in the follow-up process of CSR. A measurable factor has to placed orderly to revise currently standing evaluation techniques of the scale of CSR and to what extent it is substantial the involvement in the world of business, which is evolving on a large scale through nations. In addition, reaching to the top management to collect information form them will be quite challenging due the privacy of the business (Rangan, K., Chase, L. and Karim, S., 2015)






Data Collection Process


The process of collection of data for research proposition would take place by evaluating organization policies of CSR, which ware chosen from various sections of sales, in addition to production as automobiles, electronics, and overall commodity. The data will be collected through primary sources which is face to face interviews in order to determined the reaction of the interviewees. More than that, the study will collect the data through the secondary source which is the panel data techniques in order to estimate the heterogeneity for the corporations. Another perspective for shopping via online internet sites takes place in reports of the finance department to tested. The growth of the chart will be seen under the highlight of factors that will be obtainable for viewable for publicity. The method of compare contrast will be a way of making official comprehension. On the other hand, organization’s CSR scale level application will take place in the theoretical framings.













Abagail McWilliams and Donald Siegel (2001) ‘Corporate Social Responsibility: A Theory of the Firm Perspective’, The Academy of Management Review, 26(1), p. 117. Available at: https://search-ebscohost-com.liverpool.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.259398&site=eds-live&scope=site (Accessed: 8 April 2020).


Carroll, A. B. (1999) ‘Corporate social responsibility: Evolution of a definitional construct’, Business and Society, 38(3), pp. 268–295. doi: 10.1177/000765039903800303


Elisabet Garriga and Domènec Melé (2004) ‘Corporate Social Responsibility Theories: Mapping the Territory’, Journal of Business Ethics, 53(1/2), p. 51. Available at: https://search-ebscohost-com.liverpool.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.25123282&site=eds-live&scope=site (Accessed: 8 April 2020).


Hayzlett, J., 2020. Why Should Your Business Care About Social Responsibility?. [online] Entrepreneur. Available at: <https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/269665> [Accessed 8 April 2020].


Rangan, K., Chase, L. and Karim, S. (2015) ‘the truth about CSR’, Harvard Business Review, 93(1/2), p. 40. Available at: https://search-ebscohost-com.liverpool.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edb&AN=100020761&site=eds-live&scope=site (Accessed: 8 April 2020).